Who was the intended audience for education at M.A.O College?
The intended audience for education at M.A.O College (later known as Aligarh Muslim University) was both Muslims and non-Muslims in India. The college was founded by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan in 1875 to provide modern education and bridge the cultural and intellectual divide between communities and the British colonial government.
Which language did Sir Syed Ahmad Khan strive to protect?
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, a 19th-century Indian Muslim social reformer and educator, strived to protect the Urdu language. He believed that Urdu, as a language of the Muslim community in India, was under threat from the spread of Hindi and other regional languages. He made significant efforts to promote the Urdu language, including establishing schools and writing books in Urdu to encourage its use and preserve its cultural heritage. Sir Syed’s efforts helped to establish Urdu as one of the official languages of the Indian subcontinent and a symbol of the Muslim cultural identity in the region.
Who was the first ruler of the Soomra dynasty (1011-1026)?
The first ruler of the Soomra dynasty, which ruled over parts of present-day Sindh and Balochistan provinces of Pakistan from 1011 to 1026, was Al-Khafif Soomro. He founded the Soomra dynasty after overthrowing the Rai dynasty, which had ruled the region previously. Under the rule of Al-Khafif Soomro and his successors, the Soomra dynasty became a major power in the region and made significant contributions to the region’s culture and architecture. The famous 11th-century mosque and tomb of Hala Shah, located in present-day Hala, Pakistan, is one of the architectural marvels from the Soomra dynasty.
Out of the 9 railway systems in operation in India at the time of independence, how many were in Pakistan?
At the time of independence in 1947, out of the 9 railway systems in operation in India, only 2 were in the territory that later became Pakistan. The rest of the railway systems were located in the territory that became the independent nation of India. These two railway systems in Pakistan were the Scinde, Punjab & Delhi Railway and the North Western State Railway. After independence, the railway systems in Pakistan were merged to form the Pakistan Railways, which is the national rail network of the country.
What airline had its license revoked due to an air crash in 1949?
Pakistan Airways was the airline whose license was revoked due to an air crash in 1949. The crash occurred when one of the airline’s aircraft, a Douglas DC-3, crashed near the city of Multan, killing all on board. The investigation into the cause of the crash determined it was due to pilot error, which led to the Pakistani government revoking the airline’s license. Despite this setback, the airline was eventually reestablished as Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) in 1955, after the government nationalized the country’s aviation industry. Today, PIA is the national flag carrier of Pakistan and operates both domestic and international flights.
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When did the Kashmiri freedom movement against Dogra rule begin, prior to the partition of the sub-continent?